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PEYZAJDA 4. BOYUT February 2018
ALOE VAOMBE - MADAGASCAR TREE ALOE
Aloe is a genus of about 300 species of succulent leafed plants occurring wild in tropical and Southern Africa, Madagascar and Arabian Peninsula. They are belonging Asphodelaceae family. All are every green mostly with distinct rosettes of sword shaped leaves terminating the stem or branches. They are trees, shrubs and perennials.
Aloe vaombe is native to Southern Madagascar where it grows in dry limestone soils. The specific epithet comes from the indigenous name 'vahombre'. It is a succulent, evergreen plant producing an unbranched stem up to 400 cm tall and 20 cm in diameter. Their single rosettes may grow up to 150 cm diameter. Madagascar Tree Aloe has long smooth green leaves which are recurved with white teeth. These leaves change colour to dark red in cold or sun especially at winter. The leaves of Aloe vaombe secrete viscous, yellow-green ooze when cut that tends to stain everything it touches deep purple. The scarlet red flowers are borne in erect branched racemes in mid-winter. Flowers are seen marvellous also they attract bees and birds.
Aloe vaombe likes full sun, tolerant of most soil types and dryness once established. But does not like freeze, may die at temperature -2˚C. Propagation is done by seed. It is probably one of the fastest growing and attractive of the aloes with bright green to dark red and deeply channelled recurvate leaves. It is also the most brilliant of the entire tree Aloes, with magnificent scarlet-red flowers produced by mature plants.
Madagascar Tree Aloe is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. Like many Aloe species in Madagascar, this species is harvested from the wild for its leaf exudate. This dehydrated exudate, known as 'Madagascar Aloes', has been an important article in local and international trade.
Aloe species follow the Crassulacean Acid Metabolism. These plants can fix carbon dioxide at night and photosynthesize with closed stomata during the day, thus minimizing water loss. This, plus their succulent leaves and stems, and the presence of a thick cuticle, makes them well adapted to dry conditions.
Use in Landscape: Aloe vaombe like all succulents is very drought tolerant, making it a favourite for succulent, rock and other xeric garden projects. Established plants are expected to survive with very little water or attention. It also suits pots; pots around pools or on balconies where does well in. The exotic rosettes with flame colour flowers make this aloe a great addition to gardens.
PEYZAJDA 4. BOYUT January 2018